In this story:
- PERA invests for the long term for its members
- The investment team considers a variety of risk factors when evaluating investment opportunities
- Comparing the risk in PERA’s investment portfolios to the risk found in their respective benchmark portfolios is one way these factors are evaluated
- Because investments contain multiple risks, PERA takes a comprehensive approach, considering the sum of these factors rather than each in isolation
Colorado PERA invests billions of dollars on behalf of its members. It holds investments around the world in a variety of asset classes and industries. This diversified approach to investing helps PERA achieve its investment goal: to maximize risk-adjusted returns for the benefit of members and retirees.
PERA is also a long-term investor. To better understand how an investment might perform in the long-term, PERA’s investment team considers a variety of risks when evaluating investment opportunities.
Risks come in many forms, and they can be considered in isolation or in combination with other risks that can impact an investment decision. Examples can include:
- Interest rate risk: How do interest rates impact valuations and expectations for future growth?
- Competitive risk: Does a company operate in an industry that has highly innovative peers?
- Climate risk: Does a company have a business plan that takes into account potential impacts of climate change?
- Supply chain risk: How dependent is a company on resources that it does not directly control, and what are the risks associated with those suppliers?
PERA considers these and many others as they evaluate investments.
An Example of How PERA Evaluates Risk
One method PERA uses to evaluate risk is to compare a PERA portfolio to its respective benchmark .
For example, carbon risk is part of environmental or climate-related factors an investor may consider. So it can be helpful to compare the carbon risk in PERA’s portfolio to the carbon risk in the portfolio’s benchmark .
The chart* below shows the carbon intensity of a few PERA portfolios alongside the carbon intensity of each portfolio’s respective benchmark . Lower bars indicate lower carbon intensity .
While PERA does not target specific environmental, social, or governance (ESG) scores when making investment decisions, these factors are part of a much broader mosaic of understanding of a company’s fundamental business.
The Importance of Sustainability
PERA has in place many measures to evaluate its portfolio exposures to various risks and opportunities. Because investments contain multiple risks, PERA takes a comprehensive approach, considering the sum of these factors rather than each in isolation.
Investing is also a dynamic activity. Markets evolve as political, social, environmental, and economic conditions change. Broadly speaking, a company that operates with sustainable business practices may be better able to navigate these changes. How?
- Sustainable business practices can signal the ability to manage risks and seize business opportunities more effectively than competitors.
- Sustainable practices can lead to more efficient operations, which can boost profits.
- Companies that have sustainable business practices also can attract and retain top talent. Top talent can yield innovation that enhances competitive advantages and, thus, returns to investors.
“PERA’s commitment to investing in companies that have strong financials, operations, and opportunities for growth means we have a bias toward higher quality companies in our actively managed portfolios,” said Tara Stacy, PERA’s Director of Investment Stewardship. “These companies are likely to score more favorably among their industry peers in other aspects of their business as well, such as in the management of various ESG risks.”
By focusing on financial sustainability, PERA is able to effectively evaluate and manage investment risks and opportunities across the portfolio in order to provide lasting benefits to its members and retirees.
* This report contains certain information (the “Information”) sourced from MSCI ESG Research LLC, or its affiliates or information providers (the “ESG Parties”). The Information may only be used for your internal use, may not be reproduced or redisseminated in any form and may not be used as a basis for or a component of any financial instruments or products or indices. Although they obtain information from sources they consider reliable, none of the ESG Parties warrants or guarantees the originality, accuracy and/or completeness, of any data herein and expressly disclaim all express or implied warranties, including those of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. None of the MSCI information is intended to constitute investment advice or a recommendation to make (or refrain from making) any kind of investment decision and may not be relied on as such, nor should it be taken as an indication or guarantee of any future performance, analysis, forecast or prediction. None of the ESG Parties shall have any liability for any errors or omissions in connection with any data herein, or any liability for any direct, indirect, special, punitive, consequential or any other damages (including lost profits) even if notified of the possibility of such damages.
Carbon intensitya measure of carbon dioxide emissions that equals CO2 emissions divided by reported sales.BenchmarkThe performance objective or standard used to define the return against which another portfolio is to be evaluated.